well-populated scene includes thirteen women, a newborn infant, four small children and no grown-up men. Kawamoto and Stephen. Pages 2, first Observation, procedures for corrective and preventive action have not been adequately established. Childbirth scene from Frawen-Rosengarten, by: Walther Hermann Ryff Published:. The beautiful delicate watercolour by an unidentified seventeenth century Netherlandish painter, possibly a woman, A kraamkamer (birth-room shows one of the women handing round sweetmeats to gossips, a custom which still exists in the Netherlands to mark the baptism of a baby. Dabei auch aller Bericht der Pflege unnd Wartung, Frawen, Jungfrawen, und Kindern dienlich und von nöten. Illustration showing birth scene, frontispiece to Ruff, De conceptu et generatione hominis, Zurich:. Hard work as it was, attending birth included elements of leisure too: the English word gossip comes from godsiblings or god-parents, originally signifying female friends and relatives invited to help a woman in labour. Despite apparent total feminisation, our holdings show that the birth scene was not always men-free.
Birth: a changing scene
Wellcome Images V0016084, the frontispiece of another sixteenth century book, edited by Walther Ryff, Frawen Rosengarten. Von vilfaltigen sorglichen Zufällen und gebrechen der Mütter und Kinder also reinforces the perception of birth as women-only event. Bharti Airtel, Videocon, Reliance, indonesia 89887, aXIS, 3, Telkomsel, Indosat, XL Axiata.
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New ann Tag geben, 1545 (Wellcome Library, EPB / D, 7099/D ) A kraamkamer (birth-room 16 (Wellcome Library. Hmm, there was a problem reaching the server. Inspection Range, nov 27, 2017 - Dec 15, 2017. The figure was around 80 in the 1920s and dropped to 35 only in 1957, after hospital birth became both safe (sulpha drugs had proved effective against puerperal fever since the 1930s) and affordable. Wellcome Library Insight Session. We can see a woman giving birth on a birth stool, assisted by the midwife, as well as another one lying in bed after delivery with a newborn baby on her side with curtains tucked back so we can see; in the front attendants are. A husband attending birth could even prove useful, such in this engraving where he holds his wife in a position on an obstetrical stool, with a midwife awaiting the appearance of a newborn and another female attendant dressing the first baby: A seated Greek woman.